Linux@WUR

From WUR Linux User Group
Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

Linux@wur settings

Using an email client

Use an email client that can do IMAPS, SMTP with STARTTLS and authentication and LDAP. Sylpheed is a nice client http://sylpheed.good-day.net/ as is the mailer that comes with Mozilla. For the console die hards there is the MuttMailer! Receiving email:

  • Server for receiving: imap.wur.nl
  • Use SSL for IMAP connection
  • Use port 993
  • The IMAP login and password is simply your wur account, for example annie001 and annie

Sometimes it is necessary to show also the unsubscribed folders to see all your mail folders (it is in the advanced options in Thunderbird).

Sending email:

  • Server for sending: smtp.wur.nl
  • Use TLS (sometimes called STARTTLS) for SMTP connection
  • Use port 25
  • The SMTP password is simply your wur account, for example annie001 and annie

Using this server you can only send email if your from adress is a @wur.nl adress.

  • In Evolution 2.8.1.1: authentication type NTLM/SPA works. [Don't know if this setting shows up in any other mail client, but here it was necessary so I added this FYI - Raoul]

If you want to send email using a from address that is not a @wur.nl adress you can use:

  • Server for sending: net.wur.nl
  • No TLS.
  • No username or password.

See also WURImapForDummies for an elaborate example installing Mozilla mail.

Since Evolution 2.x has also an exchange connector it is really nice to use it. And setting it up is really easy!

  • Open the preferences window -> Mail Accounts -> Add
  • Push Forward
  • Fill in your Name and E-mail Address (it is not used for the connection so you can use the complete one)
  • Choose the Microsoft Exchange server type
  • Fill in your username e.g. annie001 and the OWA Url: https://webmail.wur.nl/exchange/.
  • Push Authenticate
  • Fill in your password (check the remind box if you like to)
  • Check the automatically check box
  • For the Global Catalog use 10.110.10.2
  • You can leave the responses limit and password warning boxes checked (although I do not know whether it works)
  • Give your account a name
  • Find a timezone, if it is your first account
  • Push apply!


To search in the phone directory (which has all email addresses as well) use the following:

  • LDAP server: ldap.wau./nl
  • search base: o=Wageningen UR,c=NL
  • portnumber: 389
  • ssl: off

With Mozilla mail select edit-preferences -> Addressing -> Directory server and fill in above settings. It is nice - now you magically see all E-mail addresses appear when typing!

To search in the active directory:

  • LDAP server (hostname): 10.110.10.2
  • search base (base DN): DC=wurnet,DC=nl
  • port number: 389
  • bind DN: firstname.lastname@wur.nl (yes that is your email address!)
  • bind password: your wur password
  • ssl: off
  • in thunderbird: advanced -> subtree -> searchfilter: (objectclass=User)

This server can be extremely slow, so I advice you to get a cup of coffee when you are using this one...

However if you connect to this server via the Exchange connector in Evolution, it works quite well instead!

fetchmail example

Use the following .fetchmailrc file

 poll imap.wur.nl protocol imap username "yourname" password "yourpassword" ssl

And here the one I use (Pjotr):

 poll imap.wur.nl with proto IMAP port 993 user 'yourname' there is 'account' here ssl
   fetchall keep mda "/usr/bin/procmail -d  %T"

mutt with IMAPs example

 mutt -f imaps://yourname@imap.wur.nl

using Thunderbird as mail client

Most of the IMAP settings explained above apply.

General settings

Incoming mail:

  • Server name: imap.wur.nl
  • Port: 993
  • Security: SSL

Optional settings

Optional (my preference)

  • When I delete: move to trash
  • Clean up ("expunge") inbox on exit

Setting correct folder names

The WUR exzchange server uses non-default folder names for the trash, sent items, etc. Some of these can be set from within Thunderbird: (Account settings -> Copies and Folders)

  • Place a copy in: other: Verzonden items on WUR account
  • Keep message drafts in: other: Concepten on WUR account.

The location of the trash folder cannot be modified from within Thunderbird. This has to be done by editing the "prefs.js" configuration file. Mine is located at:

 ~/.mozilla-thunderbird/2hod9x4q.default/prefs.js

The line that reads

 user_pref("mail.server.server2.trash_folder_name", "Deleted items");

or similar should be changed into

 user_pref("mail.server.server2.trash_folder_name", "Verwijderde items");

That will do.

Auto-compaction of folders

Deleted mails are not really deleted, they are only marked as deleted. This is not visible from within Thunderbird, but it is from e.g. webmail. To prevent this, folders need to be compacted.

  • Go to edit -> preferences -> advanced -> network & disk space
  • Mark "compact folders when it will save over" 100 kb

Happy thunderbirding!

Using DavMail (at WUR or at home!)

DavMail connects to the Outlook Web Access and sets up some local servers you can connect to from most mail clients. It also supports calendar and ldap.

On the DavMail website you can find an extensive description on how to configure DavMail with some of the most common mail clients.

When setting up DavMail use the following values:

  • For "OWA (Exchange) URL" fill in: https://webmail.wur.nl/exchange/
  • When asked for a username by your mail client upon connection to the local servers created by DavMail, fill in: "wur\" followed by your short login name

Remember to setup the custom folder names as described above!

That's it...

Sometimes DavMail gives the error "Set socket timeout to 115 seconds" in the tooltip of the icon. This problem should be solved soon, but until then you can use this quickfix to remove the swt class from the classpath in the script that runs davmail. In my case this script is located at:

 /usr/bin/davmail

Change the following line:

 java -Xmx512M -cp /usr/share/davmail/davmail.jar:/usr/share/java/swt.jar:$CLASSPATH davmail.DavGateway "$@"

into:

 java -Xmx512M -cp /usr/share/davmail/davmail.jar:$CLASSPATH davmail.DavGateway "$@"

Now it should work again, although it looks a bit ugly Make sure you've got the latest Java on your computer, Davmail requires it.



using Lightning calendar with Thunderbird

With DavMail (see above) it is also possible to use the outlook calendar in Thunderbird. To do so, you'll need the Lightning integrated calendar for Thunderbird. The procedure outlined here has been tested with Lightning 6.6.4 in Thunnderbird 24.1:

  1. Install the Lightening Calendar Add-on via Tools, Addons
  2. Download and add the file Addon for web-mail-1-4-3.xpi
  3. Download Davmail

Davmail is a server on your desktop that talks to your Exchange server via webmail and is able to populate the Lightening with calendar information. So, you will be connecting to the calendar locally to Davmail, which in turn will be connecting to your Exchange server using your webmail login.

Once DavMail is installed, start it and make the changes to the configuration to suit your needs.

Notice OWA (Exchange) URL: make it your own https://webmail.wur.nl/exchange.

These should be your settings:
DavMail GateWay Settings.png

  • Click Save

You should connect to your server without any problems if you have the correct port numbers. When asked for name and password, prefix your login-name with WUR\ e.g. WUR\WINTE000.

Once Davmail is running you can then go to Thunderbird Lightening and create a new Calendar.

  1. Choose Network Calendar
  2. Choose CalDav
  3. Location type in the following
http://localhost:1080/users/wim.dewinter@wur.nl/calendar
  • notice you are connecting to Davmail, not your Exchange server. Notice the port number of 1080 which is the same on Davmail and notice /users/ this is important leave it there.
  • Click on Cache and pick a good colour. Each entry will be of that colour. If you want to use category colours, better select a neutral colour here.

LightningSettings.png


Thunderbird, Lightning and DavMail for Windows users

Since not only Linux users want to use the Thunderbird-Lightning combination instead of MS-Outlook, it is worth noting that exactly the same can be achieved on a Windows-run computer. Download davmail-4.1.0-2042-setup.exe (9.0 MB) via http://sourceforge.net/projects/davmail/files/ Follow the same procedure as outined above.


Using the department printserver

See Printer_Settings


Using the department printserver

See Printer_Settings


Using the department fileserver

Finding the location of a share

In order to use the guides below, you'll have to know on which servers the windows shares reside. The easiest way is to use a Windows PC, start up Explorer, got to the share and look at the Properties.

Alternatively, you can use smbclient to find all shares on a server:

  • smbclient -I <server>.wurnet.nl -W wurnet.nl -U yourname001 -L <server>

Where <server> is scomp0300 for PSG and scomp0291 for ESG.


Using smbmount (normal user)

Suppose the server your personal share is located on is called sdep001 and your username is annie001, your password is annie, and you want to mount this share on ~/mnt If you do not know this information you can get it out of the ActiveDirectoryServer or from the "My Computer" screen of a windows machine.

  • smbmount '//sdep001/annie001$' ~/mnt/ -o username=annie001,password=annie,workgroup=WUR

if you leave out the password, the program will ask you for your password during the mounting:

  • smbmount '//sdep001/annie001$' ~/mnt/ -o username=annie001,workgroup=WUR

Using mount (as root) =

you can also do this using regular mount, as Stephan Verrips writes:

  • mount -t smbfs -o username=verri001,workgroup=wurnet.nl //sdpw0001.wurnet.nl/verri001$ ~/mnt

Alternatively, the (newer) CIFS protocol can be used instead of SMB. The following example connects to the 'webdocs' share where web related files can be stored.

  • mkdir /mnt/webdocs
  • mount -t cifs -o username=annie001,workgroup=wurnet.nl //skgr0004.wurnet.nl/webdocs$ /mnt/webdocs

Automatically mounting at boot (/etc/fstab)

Add the following line to the file /etc/fstab

 //sdep001/annie001$ /mnt/wur smbfs username=annie001,password=annie,workgroup=WUR,uid=502 0 0

or a really working example for a shared network drive (for DPW - note the odd spaces in the name using \040):

//scomp0300/PSG~DPW\040Laboratory\040of\040Nematology$ /mnt/wur smbfs username=annie001,password=annie,workgroup=WUR,uid=501 0 0 

or try

//scomp0300/PSG~DPW\040Laboratory\040of\040Nematology$ /mnt/wur smbfs //username=annie001,password=annie,workgroup=WUR,uid=501 0 0 

The uid represents the user id you use - check your id with the id command:

 id

it is also possible to use a gid (group id) to share the mounted drive with multiple users on one system.

Note: since it contains your password this option is not so secure!

 Safer is to use a separate password file:
 
  • cd ~
  • echo username=annie001 > .smbpassword
  • echo password=annie >> .smbpassword
  • chmod 600 .smbpassword
 This created a hidden password file that can only be read by you or the root

Change the line in the /etc/fstab into

  • //sdep001/annie001$ /mnt/wur smbfs credentials=/home/annie/.smbpassword,workgroup=WUR,uid=502 0 0

Note: you set the uid to your user id (see 'man id') so you can write/read from your normal account.

Another example, again using the CIFS protocol instead of SMB, to automatically connect to the 'webdocs' share:

  • //skgr0004.wurnet.nl/webdocs$ /mnt/webdocs cifs credentials=/home/annie/.smbpassword,workgroup=wurnet.nl,uid=502 0 0

Using Konqueror

Windows shares can also be accessed, without any mounting, with the SMB kio slave (KDE). The SMB kio slave can be used in Konqueror but also in other KDE applications.

The format of the url is:

 smb://<username>@<hostname>/<sharename>

where e.g.:

  • username: wur\annie001
  • hostname: sdep001.wur.nl
  • sharename: annie001$

Troubleshooting

If you get the error "Connection to .... failed" and you are sure you typed the server name correctly, you have to manually set the wins server in /etc/samba/smb.conf. Find the line that reads like:

  •  ; wins server = <something>

Remove the ; and change the <something>:

  • wins server = 10.110.10.3

Using WebDAVS

You can also connect to the fileservers with WebDAV. GNOME and KDE both provide GUI's for doing that. In GNOME you can open the GUI with Connect to server... under Locations. In KDE you have to open konqueror and type "remote:/". Then click on the "Add a Network Folder"-icon.

Select the encrypted WebDAV(s)-type Then fill in the fields

  • Server = wic2.wur.nl
  • Port = 443 (or use encryption)
  • Folder = ANNIE001_annie001
  • User = annie001
  • Name = anything you like

Accessing files through the web

You can use WIC or WURWEB. These also work from outside the WUR network

Accessing files on the DFS-Root

What is the DFS-Root

DFS is Microsoft's Distributed File System. The purpose of a distributed file system is that the user can access files without knowing on which server the files are locates. The root of a distributed files system is called the DFS-Root. In the DFS-Root are virtual directories which are actual 'links' to shares on some servers.

In WURNET there is one wur-wide DFS-Root \\wur\dfs-root usually mapped to the W:-drive in windows.

The samba client is unable to directly access files in the DFS-Root, instead you have to connect to the actual underlying shares.

DFS-Root directory mappings

If you have access a file or directory in the format:

\\wur\dfs-root\dir\rest\of\path or W:\dir\rest\of\path

then you must substitute \\wur\dfs-root\dir or W:\dir according the following table (Dir -> share):


  • AFSG = //ATO0001C/AFSG$
  • APPS = //SCOMP0025/apps
  • ASG = //LD010s/ASG$
  • ATV = //SATVF0001/shares
  • BC = //SCOMP0064/BC
  • DPT-DIER = //SCOMP0064/DIER
  • DPT-MAATSCHAPPIJ = //SCOMP0063/MAATSCHAPPIJ
  • FB = //SCOMP0064/FB
  • LEI = //LEIDH017S/SHARES
  • PLANT PROJECTS = //SPRI0010/PLANTPROJECTS$
  • RIKILT = //SCOMP0063/RIKILT
  • STUDENT = //SCOMP0064/STUDENT

The spaces in the names have to be escaped, using \040.

Connecting to the wireless network at WUR

Instructions for connecting to the WUR network with Ubuntu and OS/X can be found at http://wireless.wur.nl/

Connecting to your computer from home

public VLAN

If you need access to your computer at the university. The simple way: get your computer into the public VLAN, you will get a fixed 137.224 IP address and you can connect to your computer from home using ssh. The system administrators from the departments can do this for you.

Once you are on the VLAN you can even use IMAP mail from home through ssh tunneling, using for example:

 ssh -L 1993:imap.wur.nl:993 -f -N 137.224.xx.xx
 mutt -f imaps://yourlogin@localhost:1993/INBOX

using the VPN

Another, more complicated way, is to use VPN access. There are two clients for the VPN hardware in use at the university: a client from Cisco, and a native client called 'vpnc'. The native vpnc client is standard available in Debian Sid (apt-get install vpnc), I cannot say for other distributions. The cisco client can be downloaded from the university

Mac Mavericks manual here

the Cisco vpnclient

Note: this currently does not work with kernel 2.6!

the native vpnc

Note: recently vpnc stopped working

  • unpack the tarball
  • run 'make && make install'
  • make a config file /etc/vpnc.conf containing:

Please note that these details have been removed at the request of FB-IT as they are part of the security policy of the WUR. Please do not reinstate these secrets without prior permission of the chief security officer.

IPSec gateway <removed at the request of FB-IT>
IPSec ID <removed at the request of FB-IT>
IPSec secret <removed at the request of FB-IT>
Xauth username <removed at the request of FB-IT>
Xauth password <removed at the request of FB-IT>

  • beware, vpnc is very picky, you cannot have two spaces, or a tab, or any appending spaces or something like that in the file
  • create the tun device ('mknod c 10 200 /dev/tun')
  • modprobe tun
  • start vpnc
  • route add -net 10.0.0.0/8 dev tun

Using Citrix (Windows on Linux or OSX)

See Citrix

Changing Your Password

You can change your WURNET password with samba's client:

 smbpasswd -r scomp0001.wurnet.nl -U annie0001

Passwords expire in 90 days - so make sure you reset it within that period. (Note: it is possible to keep your old password by running this command twice - setting it back the second run).

Example code:

echo -e "$preferred_password\n$temporary_password\n$temporary_password" | smbpasswd -s -r $server -U $user

echo -e "$temporary_password\n$preferred_password\n$preferred_password" | smbpasswd -s -r $server -U $user

If you have been locked out of the network, you can still change the password online

Using VMWare or Virtualbox

See VMWareAtWUR or Virtualbox for using MS Windows inside Linux or OS/X

Using LaTeX

See TeXWUR

Other Services

Some webservices of WUR have problems with non-IE browsers. Check BrowserIssues for a list.

Registering with the wurnet dns

The wur dhcp server can automatically register your linux box in the dns. For this to work, the dhcpclient needs to send the hostname in netbios format to the dhcp server. If you host is called 'linux001', enter the following line in /etc/dhclient-eth0.conf:

  • send host-name "LINUX001";

Your host will be known as linux001.wurnet.nl. Make sure you set your hostname accordingly using the hostname command:

  • # hostname linux001.wurnet.nl

Using your iOS device

For more information, look at the iOS page.

Useful?

If this information was useful to you please click ThisWasUseful!

Personal tools